Forced cytochrome B gene mutation expression induces mitochondrial proliferation and prevents apoptosis in human uroepithelial SV-HUC-1 cells

Santanu Dasgupta, Mohammad Obaidul Hoque, Sunil Upadhyay, David Sidransky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mitochondria encoded Cytochrome B (CYTB) gene mutations were reported in tumors of different anatomic origin but the functional significance of these mutations are not well studied. Earlier, we found a 7-amino acid deletion mutation in the CYTB gene in a primary bladder cancer patient. In the present study, we overexpressed this 7-amino acid deletion mutation of CYTB gene in SV-40 transformed human uroepithelial HUC-1 cells. The nuclear transcribed mitochondrial CYTB (mtCYTB) was targeted into the mitochondria and generated increased copies of mitochondria and mitochondrial COX-I protein in the transfected HUC-1 cells. The proapoptotic protein Bax largely remained confined to the cytoplasm of the mtCYTB transfected HUC-1 cells without release of Cytochrome C. The downstream apoptotic proteins PARP also remained uncleaved along with increased Lamin B1 in the mtCYTB transfected cells. Our results demonstrate that forced overexpression of mtCYTB in transformed human uroepithelial HUC-1 cells triggered mitochondrial proliferation and induction of an antiapoptotic signaling cascade favoring sustained cellular growth. Coding mitochondrial DNA mutations appear to have significant functional contribution in tumor progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2829-2835
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume125
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2009

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cytochrome B mutation
  • Mitochondria
  • mtDNA content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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