Food preferences and desire to eat in anorexia and bulimia nervosa

Susan A. Stoner, Ingrid C. Fedoroff, Arnold E. Andersen, Barbara J. Rolls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether eating disordered patients and controls differ in visual analog scale (VAS) ratings of liking and desire to eat various foods and whether ratings differ according to caloric or macronutrient content of the foods. Method: Fifty-five female inpatients with eating disorders and 15 controls rated their liking of and desire to eat 50 common foods at admission and discharge using 100-mm VAS. Results: All patient groups rated their desire to eat high-calorie foods significantly lower than their desire to eat low-calorie foods whereas controls rated their desire to eat high- and low-calorie foods equally. Patients also differed from controls more in ratings of desire to eat than in liking when foods were classified according to macronutrient content. In restricting anorexics (N = 25), ratings of liking and desire to eat for high-fat/low-carbohydrate (CHO) and high-fat/high-CHO foods were not significantly correlated at admission. Disparity in correlations between restrictors, bulimics (N = 18), and controls was attenuated with treatment while anorexics with bulimic features (N = 12) became less like controls from admission to discharge. Discussion: Differences in the way patients and controls perceive foods should be borne in mind during the treatment process. Furthermore, since patients had not completely normalized by discharge, treatment strategies should emphasize acceptance of foods varying in macronutrient and caloric content, as intake of a varied diet is of key importance in regaining and maintaining good health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Food Preferences
Bulimia Nervosa
anorexia nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa
food choices
low calorie foods
Food
eating disorders
food safety
high fat foods
rating scales
Visual Analog Scale
energy content
Fats
bulimia nervosa
carbohydrates
lipids
Inpatients
diet
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Food Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Food preferences and desire to eat in anorexia and bulimia nervosa. / Stoner, Susan A.; Fedoroff, Ingrid C.; Andersen, Arnold E.; Rolls, Barbara J.

In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1996, p. 13-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stoner, Susan A. ; Fedoroff, Ingrid C. ; Andersen, Arnold E. ; Rolls, Barbara J. / Food preferences and desire to eat in anorexia and bulimia nervosa. In: International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1996 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 13-22.
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