Follow-up data and correlation of arrhythmias, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and cardiac function in anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk or artery have not been previously studied. This is a retrospective single-center review of 44 anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk or artery patients diagnosed between 1992 and 2014, at a median age of 3 months (3 days to 13 years). Clinical history, ECG, Holter, and echocardiogram data were reviewed. ECGs were reviewed for contiguous Q-or T-wave inversions, hypertrophy, bundle branch block, and axis deviation. High-grade ventricular ectopy, supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), and ventricular tachycardia (VT) were recorded. Patients with <6 months of clinical follow-up were excluded from longitudinal analysis. At diagnosis, 43 (98%) were noted to have electrocardiographic changes. During hospitalization, arrhythmias were seen in 13 patients (30%): 2 (5%) with sustained VT or ventricular fibrillation, 6 (17%) with high-grade ventricular ectopy, and 4 (9%) with SVT. Seven patients (16%) required antiarrhythmic treatment. During outpatient follow-up, arrhythmias were seen in 11 patients. New arrhythmias were documented in 6 without a history of in-hospital arrhythmias. Of 34 patients with at least 6 months follow-up (median 6 years, 0.5 to 20 years), 20 had left ventricular (LV) dysfunction before surgery. Normalization of function occurred in 94% (median 1 year, 5 days to 4 years). Electrocardiographic changes persisted in 94% at the time of LV function recovery. In conclusion, electrocardiographic changes and arrhythmias may persist despite recovery of ventricular function. Therefore, prolonged myocardial remodeling may continue even after resolution of LV dysfunction during which time arrhythmias may occur.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine