Fluoroquinolones in the treatment of bacterial keratitis

K. S. Bower, R. P. Kowalski, Y. J. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: We evaluated the potential role of three topical fluoroquinolones in the treatment of bacterial keratitis by means of a laboratory database. METHODS: Antibiotic susceptibilities were determined for 153 isolates from patients with bacterial keratitis. Results were analyzed for each fluoroquinolone individually and in combination with cefazolin. RESULTS: Predicted susceptibility to each cefazolin-fluoroquinolone combination (98.7%) was superior to that for single-agent therapy with ofloxacin (88.2%), ciprofloxacin (82.3%), or norfloxacin (80.4%) (P = .0002). A cefazolin- fluoroquinolone combination (98.7%) was comparable to a cefazolin-gentamicin combination (97.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with cefazolin and a fluoroquinolone offers a reasonable alternative for the treatment of bacterial keratitis. Single-agent therapy with fluoroquinolones for vision- threatening bacterial keratitis is not advised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)712-715
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume121
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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