FLC-mediated flowering repression is positively regulated by sumoylation

Ga Hyun Son, Bongsoo Park, Jong Tae Song, Hak Soo Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Flowering locus C (FLC), a floral repressor, is a critical factor for the transition from the vegetative to the reproductive phase. Here, the mechanisms regulating the activity and stability of the FLC protein were investigated. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation and in vitro pull-down analyses showed that FLC interacts with the E3 small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) ligase AtSIZ1, suggesting that AtSIZ1 is an E3 SUMO ligase for FLC. In vitro sumoylation assays showed that FLC is modified by SUMO in the presence of SUMO-activating enzyme E1 and conjugating enzyme E2, but its sumoylation is inhibited by AtSIZ1. In transgenic plants, inducible AtSIZ1 overexpression led to an increase in the concentration of FLC and delayed the post-translational decay of FLC, indicating that AtSIZ1 stabilizes FLC through direct binding. Also, the flowering time in mutant FLC (K154R, a mutation of the sumoylation site)-overexpressing plants was comparable with that in the wild type, whereas flowering was considerably delayed in FLC-overexpressing plants, supporting the notion that sumoylation is an important mechanism for FLC function. The data indicate that the sumoylation of FLC is critical for its role in the control of flowering time and that AtSIZ1 positively regulates FLC-mediated floral suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-351
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sumoylation
Ubiquitin
flowering
loci
Ligases
modifiers (genes)
ubiquitin
Genetically Modified Plants
Enzymes
Protein C
Fluorescence
ligases
Mutation

Keywords

  • AtSIZ1
  • FLC
  • flowering
  • post-translational modification
  • SUMO
  • sumoylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

FLC-mediated flowering repression is positively regulated by sumoylation. / Son, Ga Hyun; Park, Bongsoo; Song, Jong Tae; Seo, Hak Soo.

In: Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2014, p. 339-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Son, Ga Hyun ; Park, Bongsoo ; Song, Jong Tae ; Seo, Hak Soo. / FLC-mediated flowering repression is positively regulated by sumoylation. In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 2014 ; Vol. 65, No. 1. pp. 339-351.
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