Fixation and detachment of superior and anterior malleolar ligaments in human middle ear: Experiment and modeling

Chenkai Dai, Tao Cheng, Mark W. Wood, Rong Z. Gan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the function of the superior malleolar ligament (SML) and the anterior malleolar ligament (AML) in human middle ear for sound transmission through simulations of fixation and detachment of these ligaments in human temporal bones and a finite element (FE) ear model. Two laser vibrometers were used to measure the vibrations of the tympanic membrane (TM) and stapes footplate. A 3-D FE ear model was used to predict the transfer function of the middle ear with ligament fixation and detachment. The results demonstrate that fixations and detachments of the SML and AML had different effects on TM and stapes footplate movements. Fixation of the SML resulted in a reduction of displacement of the TM (umbo) and the footplate at low frequencies (f <1000 Hz), but also caused a shift of displacement peak to higher frequencies. Fixation of both SML and AML caused a reduction of 15 dB at umbo or stapes at low frequencies. Detachment of the SML had almost no effect on TM and footplate mobility, but AML detachment had a minor effect on TM and footplate movement. The FE model was able to predict the effects of SML and AML fixation and detachment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalHearing Research
Volume230
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Finite element model
  • Laser interferometry
  • Middle ear ligament
  • Middle ear mechanics
  • Temporal bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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