Five-Factor Personality Traits and Subjective Health Among Caregivers: The Role of Caregiver Strain and Self-Efficacy

Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Paul R. Duberstein, Bruce Friedman, Paul T. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the association among caregivers' five-factor personality traits and subjective health with particular emphasis on the role of two theoretically implicated mediators: multi-domain self-efficacy and caregiver strain. The sample comprised 536 informal caregivers (mean age = 62.9 years, SD = 19.9, 72% female, 98% White) of community-dwelling older adults with multiple functional impairments. Both physical health and mental health were negatively associated with neuroticism and positively associated with extraversion and conscientiousness. Agreeableness and openness were associated with better subjective mental health and physical health, respectively. Multiple mediation analyses indicated that self-efficacy mediated all observed associations between personality and subjective health, whereas caregiver strain selectively mediated the associations of neuroticism and agreeableness with mental health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-604
Number of pages13
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Caregiver strain
  • Five-factor model personality traits
  • Self efficacy
  • Self-rated health
  • Subjective health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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