Five-Factor Personality Traits and Age Trajectories of Self-Rated Health: The Role of Question Framing

Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Antonio Terracciano, Luigi Ferrucci, Paul T. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined the influence of personality traits on mean levels and age trends in 4 single-item measures of self-rated health: general rating, comparison to age peers, comparison to past health, and expectations for future health. Community-dwelling participants (N=1,683) completed 7,474 self-rated health assessments over a period of up to 19 years. In hierarchical linear modeling analyses, age-associated declines differed across the 4 health items. Across age groups, high Neuroticism and low Conscientiousness, low Extraversion, and low Openness were associated with worse health ratings, with notable differences across the 4 health items. Furthermore, high Neuroticism predicted steeper declines in health ratings involving temporal comparisons. We consider theoretical implications regarding the mechanisms behind associations among personality traits and self-rated health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-401
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of personality
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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