Five-factor model personality traits, spirituality/religiousness, and mental health among people living with HIV

Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Gail H. Ironson, Conall O'Cleirigh, Paul T. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We examined the association between five-factor personality domains and facets and spirituality/religiousness as well as their joint association with mental health in a diverse sample of people living with HIV (n=112, age range 18-66). Spirituality/religiousness showed stronger associations with Conscientiousness, Openness, and Agreeableness than with Neuroticism and Extraversion. Both personality traits and spirituality/religiousness were significantly linked to mental health, even after controlling for individual differences in demographic measures and disease status. Personality traits explained unique variance in mental health above spirituality and religiousness. Further, aspects of spirituality and religiousness were found to mediate some of the links between personality and mental health in this patient sample. These findings suggest that underlying personality traits contribute to the beneficial effects of spirituality/religiousness among vulnerable populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1411-1436
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of personality
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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