Five-Factor Model Personality Traits and the Retirement Transition: Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Associations

Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Antonio Terracciano, Paul Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The authors examined associations between 5-factor personality traits and retirement in a diverse community sample. Longitudinal analyses (n = 367) compared personality trajectories of participants who remained employed and participants who retired. Personality at baseline did not predict future retirement, but compared to participants who remained employed, retirees increased in Agreeableness and decreased in Activity, a facet of Extraversion. In cross-sectional analyses among retirees (n = 144), those low in Neuroticism and high in Extraversion reported higher retirement satisfaction, and those high in Extraversion reported higher postretirement activity levels. Findings suggest that the trait perspective contributes to the understanding of the retirement process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)722-728
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology and Aging
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • aging
  • five-factor model
  • longitudinal
  • personality traits
  • retirement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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