Five Decades Later, Are Mesenchymal Stem Cells Still Relevant?

Mario Gomez-Salazar, Zaniah N. Gonzalez-Galofre, Joan Casamitjana, Mihaela Crisan, Aaron W. James, Bruno Péault

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells are culture-derived mesodermal progenitors isolatable from all vascularized tissues. In spite of multiple fundamental, pre-clinical and clinical studies, the native identity and role in tissue repair of MSCs have long remained elusive, with MSC selection in vitro from total cell suspensions essentially unchanged as a mere primary culture for half a century. Recent investigations have helped understand the tissue origin of these progenitor cells, and uncover alternative effects of MSCs on tissue healing via growth factor secretion and interaction with the immune system. In this review, we describe current trends in MSC biology and discuss how these may improve the use of these therapeutic cells in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number148
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2020

Keywords

  • adventitia
  • cell therapy
  • mesenchymal stem cell
  • pericyte
  • tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Histology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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