Fit of the uncemented femoral component and the use of cement influence the strain transfer to the femoral cortex

Murali Jasty, Daniel O. O'Connor, Robert M. Henshaw, Timothy P. Harrigan, William H. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To determine whether the strain patterns produced in the femoral cortex after uncemented femoral arthroplasty are influenced by the fit of the component and whether these patterns are different from those of cemented components, cortical surface strains of cadaveric femurs subjected to loads simulating single‐limb stance were measured before and after the insertion of uncemented, collared, straight‐stemmed femoral components. The effects of press fit, loose fit, and precise fit of the components were evaluated and were contrasted to the strain patterns occurring after insertion of cemented femoral components. Strains varied markedly, depending on the fit of the stem of the uncemented femoral component within the isthmus. Nearly normal patterns of femoral strain were produced when the femoral stem was fit precisely at the isthmus, and the proximal femoral strains were similar to those of the intact state. In contrast, press fit and loose fit at the isthmus altered the strain patterns. The proximal medial axial strains were significantly reduced with press fit, to a mean of 39% of normal (p < 0.05), and increased with loose fit, to a mean of 141% of normal (p < 0.05). The prostheses fixed with cement showed a mean reduction in proximal medial axial strains to 33% of normal, which was comparable with press fit uncemented components even though the collar was well seated. Thus, our findings indicated that, in the immediate postoperative period, femoral strain patterns can be influenced by the fit of an uncemented component within the isthmus and by the use of cement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)648-656
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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