First-trimester angiopoietin-2: Relationships with maternal and placental characteristics

Ahmet Baschat, Tania Kasdaglis, Graham Aberdeen, Ozhan Turan, Jerome Kopelman, Robert Atlas, Chuka Jenkins, Miriam Blitzer, Christopher Harman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), synthesized by endothelial cells, is a marker of placental vascular remodeling. Ang-2 is expressed in the first trimester, and levels may therefore correlate to other parameters of placental vascular development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between Ang-2 and other maternal/placental factors in the first trimester. This was a prospective observational study of women presenting for first-trimester screening at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks. Consenting women underwent an ultrasound, physical examination, and blood draw. Maternal serum Ang-2 levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results were evaluated with relation to maternal age, parity, race, body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), smoking/caffeine use, and parameters of placental blood flow resistance. In 111 consecutive patients, serum Ang-2 ranged from 0.6 to 10.9 ng/mL. Ang-2 levels were unrelated to maternal age, race, parity, smoking, and caffeine intake. Significant negative correlations were observed with BMI (Pearson's r=0.325; p<0.0001) and MAP (Pearson's r=0.287; p=0.002). Ang-2 levels did not correlate with gestational age (Spearman's rho, 0.064; p=0.5058), but a significant positive correlation with the crown-rump length was observed (Spearman's rho, 0.261; p=0.006). Neither uterine artery notching nor umbilical artery Doppler parameters correlated with Ang-2 levels. We concluded that Ang-2 as a marker of placental angiogenesis has significant relationships with maternal risk factors associated with abnormal placental development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 26 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiopoietin-2
  • Doppler
  • First trimester
  • Placental development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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    Baschat, A., Kasdaglis, T., Aberdeen, G., Turan, O., Kopelman, J., Atlas, R., Jenkins, C., Blitzer, M., & Harman, C. (2010). First-trimester angiopoietin-2: Relationships with maternal and placental characteristics. American journal of perinatology, 27(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1224865