Financial Impact of Postoperative Complication Following Hepato-Pancreatico-Biliary Surgery for Cancer

Faiz Gani, John Hundt, Martin A Makary, Adil H. Haider, Cheryl K. Zogg, Timothy M. Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Despite increasing efforts for cost containment, little is known regarding the financial implications of postoperative complication under current volume-driven payment paradigms. This study sought the test the associations between hospital finances and postoperative complications among hepato-pancreatico-bilary cancer patients. Methods: Patients undergoing surgery for the management of a hepatobiliary or pancreatic cancer between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were identified using institutional claims and cost-accounting data. Multivariable linear regression analyses were used to calculate risk-adjusted fixed and variable costs, payments, and net margins. Results: A total of 1483 met inclusion criteria. Fixed ($9290 [interquartile range (IQR) $7129–$11,598] vs. $14,784 [IQR $10,523–$22,799], p <0.001) and variable costs ($12,342 [IQR $9886–$14,762] vs. $19,330 [IQR $13,967–$29,435], p <0.001) were higher among patients who developed a postoperative complication following a hepatectomy. A higher contribution margin ($12,421 [IQR $8440–$16,445] vs. $20,016 [IQR $14,212–$39,179], p <0.001), as well as a twofold higher net profit was noted among patients who developed postoperative complication ($2788 [IQR $660–$5815] vs. $5515 [IQR $1068–$10,315], p <0.001). Total hospital costs ($26,840 [IQR $21,318–$35,358] vs. $46,628 [IQR $31,974–$69,326], p <0.001) as well as payments ($32,761 [IQR $26,394–$41,883] vs. $53,612 [IQR $38,548–$78,116], p <0.001) were more than 1.5 times higher among patients who developed a postoperative complication following pancreatic resection. Contribution margins ($18,356 [IQR $14,024–$24,390] vs. $29,153 [IQR $20,256–$41,785], p <0.001), as well as net profits ($5907 [IQR $2179–$9412] vs. $8114 [IQR $2518–$14,249], p <0.001) were higher among patients who developed postoperative complication following pancreatic surgery. Conclusions: A positive association was observed between net profits and postoperative complications. Future policies should target complications as a means to achieving a higher value for care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 29 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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