Field trial of oral cholera vaccines in Bangladesh: Results of one year of follow-up

J. D. Clemens, J. R. Harris, D. A. Sack, J. Chakraborty, F. Ahmed, B. F. Stanton, M. U. Khan, B. A. Kay, N. Huda, M. R. Khan, M. Yunus, M. R. Rao, A. M. Svennerholm, J. Holmgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

We assessed the protective efficacy (PE) of three doses of B subunit-killed whole cell (BS-WC) and killed whole cell-only (WC) oral cholera vaccines in a randomized, double-blind trial among 62,285 children and women residing in rural Bangladesh. After one complete year of surveillance, 110 cases of cholera were detected in the placebo group, 52 in the WC group (PE, 53%; P < .0001), and 41 in the BS-WC group (PE, 62%; P< .0001). Protection was greater for BS-WC recipients than for WC recipients only during the initial eight months of observation. Both vaccines conferred equivalent protection against cholera associated with life-threatening dehydration and against less severe cholera. High-grade, sustained protection was observed in persons vaccinated when older than five years; in younger persons protection was transient. We conclude that BS-WC and WC vaccines confer significant protection against cholera, particularly in persons vaccinated when older than five years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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