Fetal blood-gas values during fetoscopic myelomeningocele repair performed under carbon dioxide insufflation

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Abstract

Fetoscopic myelomeningocele (MMC) repair is performed using intrauterine carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation. Sheep experiments have shown that CO2 insufflation is associated with significant fetal acidemia; however, corresponding data for human pregnancy are not available. We performed umbilical venous cord blood sampling in three patients during fetoscopic MMC repair at 25 + 1, 25 + 3 and 24 + 0 weeks' gestation, respectively. Fetal venous pH at the beginning of CO2 insufflation was 7.36, 7.46 and 7.37, respectively in the three fetuses, and repeat values were 7.28, 7.35 and 7.36 after 181, 159 and 149 min, respectively. The partial pressure of oxygen and CO2 was maintained in the normal range during these times, and pH decrease was less in Patient 3 who received humidified CO2 insufflation. Our observations suggest that, in contrast to sheep experiments, CO2 insufflation during fetoscopic myelomeningocele repair does not cause acidemia in human fetuses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-402
Number of pages3
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • carbon dioxide insufflation
  • fetal acidosis
  • fetal surgery
  • fetoscopy
  • spina bifida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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