Although Jak kinases are essential for initiating cytokine signaling, the role of other nonreceptor tyrosine kinases in this process remains unclear. We have examined the role of Fes in IL-4 signaling. Examination of Jak1-deficient cell lines demonstrates that Jak1 is required for the activation of Fes by IL-4. Experiments studying signaling molecules activated by IL-4 receptor suggest that IL-4 signaling can be subdivided into Fes-dependent and Fes-independent pathways. Overexpression of kinase-inactive Fes blocks the IL-4 activation of insulin receptor substrate-2, but not STAT6. Fes appears to be a downstream kinase from Jak1/Jak3 in this process. Further examination of downstream signaling demonstrates that kinase-inactive Fes inhibits the recruitment of phosphoinositide 3-kinase to the activated IL-4 receptor complex and decreases the activation of p70S6k kinase in response to IL-4. This inhibition correlates with a decrease in IL-4-induced proliferation. In contrast, mutant Fes does not inhibit the activation of Akt by IL-4. These data demonstrate that signaling pathways activated by IL-4 require different tyrosine kinases. This differential requirement predicts that specific kinase inhibitors may permit the disruption of specific IL-4-induced functions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy