PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided and -monitored radio-frequency (RF) ablation of bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven femurs were treated in five pigs with use of a 0.2-T open MR imager. An 11-gauge bone marrow needle was percutaneously inserted into the distal femur metaphysis with MR fluoroscopy (fast imaging with steady-state precession, or FISP, sequences) to introduce an RF electrode into the bone with further image guidance. Thermal ablation was performed for 10 minutes (90°C ± 2 [mean ± SD]). MR follow-up was performed immediately after ablation and again at 7 and 14 days after the procedure (with contrast material-enhanced T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and fast short inversion time inversion-recovery, or STIR, sequences). The animals were sacrificed at day 14. The femurs were sliced, decalcified, and stained. Image analysis was performed to measure lesion diameter and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and to evaluate complications. RESULTS: Technical success was obtained in all animals. The lesion diameter perpendicular to the electrode was 15.4 mm ± 2.7. No significant complications were noted. The thermal lesions displayed low signal intensity with a sharp rim of high signal intensity. T2-weighted images demonstrated the highest CNR and the lowest error in predicting the lesion size immediately after ablation (2.7 mm ± 1.3). Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images demonstrated the highest accuracy at day 14 (1.0 mm ± 1.0). CONCLUSION: RF ablation of bone with MR imaging as the sole imaging modality is feasible and allows monitoring of the ablation.
- Femur, MR
- Femur, neoplasms
- Magnetic resonance (MR), guidance
- Radiofrequency (RF) ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging