Feeding during the first 3 days after birth other than breast milk is associated with early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding

Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Nuzhat Choudhury, Md Ahshanul Haque, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Mohammad Ali, Tahmeed Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has significant effect on morbidity and mortality. EBF is established when breastmilk alone is exclusively fed from birth until 6 months of age. However, feeding during the first 3 days after birth is often ignored for various reasons. We aimed to assess the role of feeding during the first 3 days in respect of early cessation of EBF. Data of 1,040 children aged under 6 months was derived from the baseline survey of Suchana, a large-scale nutrition program, conducted in Sylhet, Bangladesh, and subsequently analysed. Guidelines established by World Health Organization were used to define EBF and feeding during the first 3 days. The strength of the association between feeding during the first 3 days and early cessation of EBF was established using multiple logistic regression after adjusting for other covariates. Among all children, around 62% and 13% were exclusively breastfed and were fed something other than breastmilk within the first 3 days of birth, respectively. Feeding during the first 3 days was independently and significantly associated with early cessation of breastfeeding (adjusted odds ratio: 1.94, 95% confidence interval [1.31, 2.88], p =.001). Less than four antenatal care (ANC) visits, increased child's age and increased household size were also independently associated with early cessation of EBF. Feeding during the first 3 days of birth is a significant predictor of early cessation of EBF. Simple counselling activities to discourage feeding anything within the first few days of birth may increase the prevalence of EBF in rural Bangladesh without investing additional resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12971
JournalMaternal and Child Nutrition
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • beliefs
  • breast milk
  • breastfeeding initiation
  • child feeding
  • children
  • counselling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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