Federal budgetary costs of blindness.

Y. P. Chiang, L. J. Bassi, J. C. Javitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Federal expenditures for blindness-related disability among Americans are examined. The government, rather than the private sector, frequently bears the economic consequences of visual disability through entitlement and public assistance programs. Findings suggest an average $11,896 federal cost of a person-year of blindness for a working-aged American, which includes income assistance programs (SSDI/SSI), health insurance programs (Medicare/Medicaid), and tax losses resulting from reduced potential earnings. Almost 97 percent of the aggregate annual federal costs of blindness in 1990, which totaled approximately $4 billion, is accounted for by working-aged adults, who represent less than one-third of the total blind population. Approximately 25 percent of all blindness is attributed to preventable causes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-340
Number of pages22
JournalMilbank Quarterly
Volume70
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

blindness
Blindness
Costs and Cost Analysis
costs
assistance
disability
Public Assistance
Private Sector
Medicaid
Health Insurance
Health Expenditures
Medicare
health insurance
taxes
private sector
expenditures
Economics
income
cause
human being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Chiang, Y. P., Bassi, L. J., & Javitt, J. C. (1992). Federal budgetary costs of blindness. Milbank Quarterly, 70(2), 319-340.

Federal budgetary costs of blindness. / Chiang, Y. P.; Bassi, L. J.; Javitt, J. C.

In: Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 70, No. 2, 1992, p. 319-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chiang, YP, Bassi, LJ & Javitt, JC 1992, 'Federal budgetary costs of blindness.', Milbank Quarterly, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 319-340.
Chiang YP, Bassi LJ, Javitt JC. Federal budgetary costs of blindness. Milbank Quarterly. 1992;70(2):319-340.
Chiang, Y. P. ; Bassi, L. J. ; Javitt, J. C. / Federal budgetary costs of blindness. In: Milbank Quarterly. 1992 ; Vol. 70, No. 2. pp. 319-340.
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