Feasibility and perioperative outcomes of robotic-assisted surgery in the management of recurrent ovarian cancer: A multi-institutional study

Pedro F. Escobar, Kimberly L. Levinson, Javier Magrina, Martin A. Martino, Richard R. Barakat, Amanda N. Fader, Mario M. Leitao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives Minimally invasive surgery for recurrent ovarian cancer is generally not performed. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and surgical outcomes of robotic-assisted surgery in the management of recurrent ovarian cancer. Methods Eligible patients included those with confirmed recurrent ovarian cancer amenable to surgical resection and in which a complete resection was thought to be feasible with the use of the robotic platform. Patients with evidence of carcinomatosis were not considered for a robotic approach. Clinical and pathologic data were abstracted from the medical records. Appropriate statistical tests were performed using SPSS statistical software program (SPSS 20.0 Inc., Chicago, IL). Results A total of 48 patients were identified. Thirty-six (75%) patients had a recurrent mass or masses isolated to one anatomic region (pelvis or abdomen). Conversion to laparotomy was necessary in 4 (8.3%) cases. In cases not requiring conversion to laparotomy, the median operative time, EBL, and length of stay were 179.5 min, 50 cc, and 1 day, respectively. An optimal debulking was achieved in 36 (82%) cases. Complications occurred in 6 (13.6%) cases. The median operative time, EBL, length of stay, and complications were all statistically significantly lower in the cases not converted to laparotomy compared to those that were (p < 0.001). Conclusions This study suggests that select patients with recurrent ovarian cancer in the absence of carcinomatosis may be candidates for secondary surgical cytoreduction via a robotic approach. Surgical and postoperative outcomes appear to be favorable compared to reports of laparotomy in recurrent ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-256
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume134
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Robotic surgery
  • Surgical technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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