On March 13, 2017, the FDA approved ribociclib (KISQALI; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp.), a cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitor, in combination with an aromatase inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy for the treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer. The approval was based on a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international clinical trial (MONALEESA-2). A total of 668 patients were randomized to receive either ribociclib plus letrozole (n = 334) or placebo plus letrozole (n = 334). An improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) was observed in patients receiving ribociclib plus letrozole compared with patients receiving placebo plus letrozole [HR = 0.556; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.429- 0.720]. Overall response rate (ORR) in patients with measurable disease was 52.7% (95% CI, 46.6-58.9) in the ribociclib plus letrozole arm and 37.1% (95% CI, 31.1-43.2) in the placebo plus letrozole arm. Overall survival data were immature. The most common adverse reactions observed in 20% or more of patients taking ribociclib were neutropenia, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, leukopenia, alopecia, vomiting, constipation, headache, and back pain. This article summarizes FDA decision-making and data supporting the approval of ribociclib.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research