Fate of PEGylated antibody fragments following delivery to the lungs: Influence of delivery site, PEG size and lung inflammation

Harshad P. Patil, Danielle Freches, Linda Karmani, Gregg A. Duncan, Bernard Ucakar, Jung Soo Suk, Justin S Hanes, Bernard Gallez, Rita Vanbever

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pulmonary administration of anti-cytokine antibodies offers a targeted therapy in asthma. However, the rapid elimination of proteins from the lungs limits the efficacy of inhaled medications. PEGylation has been shown to increase the residence time of anti-interleukin (IL)-17A and anti-IL-13 antibody fragments in the lungs and to improve their therapeutic efficacy. Yet, little is known about the factors that affect the residence time of PEGylated antibody fragments in the lungs following pulmonary delivery. In this study, we showed that the molecular weight of polyethylene glycol (PEG), 20 kDa or 40 kDa, had a moderate effect on the residence time of an anti-IL-17A Fab′ fragment in the lungs of mice. By contrast, the site of delivery of the anti-IL-17A and anti-IL-13 Fab′ fragments within the lungs had a major impact on their residence time, with the deeper the delivery, the more prolonged the residence time. The nature of the Fab′ fragment had an influence on its residence time as well and the anti-IL-17A Fab′ benefited more from PEGylation than the anti-IL-13 Fab′ did. Acute lung inflammation slightly shortened the residence time of the anti-IL-17A and anti-IL-13 Fab′ fragments in the lungs but PEGylation was able to prolong their presence in both the healthy and inflamed lungs. Antibody fragments were predominately located within the airway lumen rather than the lung parenchyma. Transport experiments on monolayers of Calu-3 cells and studies of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching in respiratory mucus showed that mechanisms involved in the prolonged presence of PEGylated Fab′ in the airway lumen might include binding to the mucus, reduced uptake by respiratory cells and reduced transport across lung epithelia. Finally, using I125-labeled anti-IL-17A Fab′, we showed that the protein fragment hardly penetrated into the lungs following subcutaneous injection, as opposed to pulmonary delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-71
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume272
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2018

Keywords

  • Anti-IL-13
  • Anti-IL-17A
  • Central airways
  • Lung inflammation
  • Lung periphery
  • Mucus
  • Polyethylene glycol
  • Residence time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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