Fatalities in the construction industry in the United States, 1992 and 1993

Earl S. Pollack, Matthew Griffin, Knut Ringen, James L. Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To improve the estimates of occupational fatality rates for persons employed in the construction industry, several sources of data on the number of fatalities (the numerator) and the number of persons engaged in construction work (the denominator) were examined. Based on this examination, the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), was used to obtain numerators and the Current Population Survey, conducted by the Bureau of the Census for BLS, was used to obtain denominators. Adjustments were made in the numerator to include only occupations that were included in the denominator. Occupations were divided into two groups-those in the construction trades and those in other occupations within construction (e.g., clerical, sales). The analysis found fatality rates of 14.2 and 13.3 per 100,000 person-years, respectively, for 1992 and 1993, with wide variation in rates among the different trades. There were also major differences among the trades in the types of fatal injuries. Self-employed workers had much lower death rates overall than wage workers, but this is largely due to much lower proportions of high trades among the self-employed. There have been wide variations in the occupational fatality rates reported for construction workers each year due to the differing methods to estimating the number of fatalities by the different data sources. This study provides a baseline of fatality rates using the best available current data. It compares the results from these data sources with those from other sources that have been sued and discusses some of the problems inherent in the data from other sources. This study provides a significantly improved protocol for the evaluation of fatality rates against which later rates can be compared consistently. Nevertheless, many deficiencies in the data sources used are identified. There remains ample room for continued improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-330
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BLS
  • CFOI
  • construction
  • fatality rate
  • occupational ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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