Family history of prostate cancer and obesity in relation to high-grade disease and extraprostatic extension in young men with prostate cancer

Sabine Rohrmann, William W. Roberts, Patrick C. Walsh, Elizabeth A. Platzl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Little is known about predictors of prostate cancer severity in young men. Therefore, we examined whether family history and obesity influence risk of high-grade disease and extraprostatic extension in men < 55-years old. METHODS. Four hundred ninety-eight men aged < 55 years who had had a radical prostatectomy (1992-1999) by one surgeon were mailed a survey in 2000 to assess family history of PCa and anthropometrics. Body mass index (BMI = kg/m2) was calculated as an indicator of obesity. Logistic regression was used to compute odds ratios (OR) for high-grade disease (Gleason score ≥ 7) and extraprostatic extension. RESULTS. Of the 363 respondents, 35.8% had at least one first-degree relative with PCa. Men with a family history were younger at surgery than those without a family history (48.8 vs. 50.1 years, P < 0.001). After controlling for age, cigarette smoking, and race/ethnicity, men with an affected father had a lower risk of high-grade disease compared to those without an affected father (OR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.23-0.76). Risk of high-grade disease increased with increasing BMI, especially in men < 50-years old (P-trend = 0.02). Family history and BMI were not clearly associated with extraprostatic extension. CONCLUSIONS. After taking into account a younger age at presentation among men with a family history, young men with a family history of PCa were less likely to have high-grade disease. Obesity may be associated with a poorer histology in young men with PCa, especially in men younger than 50 years of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalProstate
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

Keywords

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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