Family history of diabetes, awareness of risk factors, and health behaviors among African Americans

Kesha Baptiste-Roberts, Tiffany L. Gary, Gloria L A Beckles, Edward W. Gregg, Michelle Owens, Deborah Porterfield, Michael M. Engelgau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. We examined the role of family history of diabetes in awareness of diabetes risk factors and engaging in health behaviors. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1122 African American adults without diabetes who were participants in Project DIRECT (Diabetes Interventions Reaching and Educating Communities Together). Results. After adjustment for age, gender, income, education, body mass index, and perceived health status, African Americans with a family history of diabetes were more aware than those without such a history of several diabetes risk factors: having a family member with the disease (relative risk [RR] = 1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03, 1.15), being overweight (RR = 1.12; 95% CI = 1.05, 1.18), not exercising (RR = 1.17; 95% CI = 1.07, 1.27), and consuming energy-dense foods (RR = 1.10;95% CI = 1.00, 1.17). Also, they were more likely to consume 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day (RR= 1.31; 95% CI = 1.02, 1.66) and to have been screened for diabetes (RR = 1.21; 95% CI = 1.12, 1.29). Conclusions. African Americans with a family history of diabetes were more aware of diabetes risk factors and more likely to engage in certain health behaviors than were African Americans without a family history of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-912
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Baptiste-Roberts, K., Gary, T. L., Beckles, G. L. A., Gregg, E. W., Owens, M., Porterfield, D., & Engelgau, M. M. (2007). Family history of diabetes, awareness of risk factors, and health behaviors among African Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 97(5), 907-912. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.077032