Family history of autoimmune disease in relation to time-to-pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and live birth rate

Torie C. Plowden, Matthew T. Connell, Micah J. Hill, Pauline Mendola, Keewan Kim, Carrie J. Nobles, Daniel L. Kuhr, Noya Galai, Karen J. Gibbins, Robert M. Silver, Brian Wilcox, Lindsey Sjaarda, Neil J. Perkins, Enrique F. Schisterman, Sunni L. Mumford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several autoimmune conditions have adverse effects on reproductive outcomes, but the relationship between family history of autoimmune disease in women without these conditions and pregnancy is uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine if there is an association between a family history of an autoimmune condition and time-to-pregnancy (TTP), pregnancy loss, and live birth. This was a prospective cohort study from a RCT of 1228 adult women ages 18–40, who were healthy, had no history of infertility, were actively attempting to conceive, and had one or two prior pregnancy losses. Of these, 1172 women had data available regarding family history of autoimmune conditions. Women with an affected first-degree relative had similar TTP when compared to those without a FHx (fecundability odds ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.70, 1.15). Women with an affected first-degree relative had a lower likelihood of live birth (relative risk [RR] 0.83, 95% CI 0.69, 0.99). Among women who achieved pregnancy, FHx of autoimmune disease was associated with a higher likelihood of pregnancy loss (RR 1.49, 95% CI 1.10, 2.03). Women who had a first-degree relative with an autoimmune disease had a similar TTP as unaffected women but a lower likelihood of live birth and higher risk of pregnancy loss. This information may encourage clinicians to evaluate women with a family history of autoimmune conditions prior to pregnancy and highlights the need for further studies to ascertain the effects of autoimmunity and pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100059
JournalJournal of Translational Autoimmunity
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Autoimmune disease
  • Family history
  • Live birth
  • Pregnancy loss
  • Spontaneous abortion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Family history of autoimmune disease in relation to time-to-pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and live birth rate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this