Familial dwarfism due to a novel mutation of the growth hormone- releasing hormone receptor gene

Roberto Salvatori, César Y. Hayashida, Manuel H. Aguiar-Oliveira, John A. Phillips, Anita H.O. Souza, Rogério G. Gondo, Sergio P.A. Toledo, Maria M. Conceicao, Melissa Prince, Hiralal G. Maheshwari, Gerhard Baumann, Michael A. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Isolated growth hormone (GH) deficiency (IGHD) is a rare cause of short stature. The same mutation of the gene encoding the growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (GHRHR) has been identified as the basis for IGHD in three families from the Indian subcontinent. The prevalence and heterogeneity of defects in the GHRHR gene are not known. Twenty-two dwarf members of a large, extended kindred containing at least 105 affected members with autosomal recessive short stature underwent extensive endocrine evaluation, which confirmed markedly reduced or undetectable serum concentrations of GH that did not increase in response to different stimuli. DNA sequences of the 13 exons and intron-exon boundaries of the GHRHR gene were determined in an index patient. A novel homozygous 5' splice site mutation (G→A at position + 1) in IVS1 was found. Thirty of the affected subjects tested were homozygous for this mutation, and 64 clinically unaffected patients were either heterozygous for the mutation (n = 41, including 9 obligate carriers) or homozygous for the wild-type sequence (n = 23). We describe a novel mutation in the GHRHR gene as cause of dwarfism in the largest kindred with familial IGI-ID described to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-923
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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