Factors that may influence the effectiveness of 4 specialized nutritious foods in the prevention of stunting and wasting in children aged 6-23 months in Burkina Faso

Breanne K. Langlois, Ilana R. Cliffer, Laetitia Nikiema, Devika J. Suri, Franck Garanet, Ye Shen, Augustin N. Zeba, Shelley M. Walton, Hermann B. Lanou, Patrick Webb, Beatrice L. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A trial in Burkina Faso compared the cost-effectiveness of 4 specialized nutritious foods (SNFs) used to prevent stunting and wasting in children aged 6-23 mo. Objectives: This article explores differences in SNF use that may have influenced effectiveness, specifically in relation to consumption by the recipient child and by any other person (i.e., sharing), other diversion from the recipient child, preparation, storage, and hygiene. Methods: Subsamples from a geographically clustered, longitudinal trial with random assignment to Corn Soy Blend Plus with oil (CSB+ w/oil), Corn Soy Whey Blend with oil (CSWB w/oil), Super Cereal Plus (SC+), or ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) were selected for in-depth interviews, in-home observations, and focus group discussions. Results: Sharing was common in all arms, with the highest reported in SC+ (73%) and highest observed in CSWB w/oil (36%). Some reported giving the ration away (highest in SC+ at 17%) or using it for other purposes (highest in CSWB w/oil at 17%). The recipient child was observed consuming the ration in 49% of households on average (38-60% by arm in CSB+ w/oil and RUSF, respectively). Qualitative reports of bitterness and spoilage emerged in the CSWB w/oil arm. Most observed households (excluding RUSF) did not prepare porridge daily as instructed (35-46% by arm). Household water samples showed either high-risk or unsafe contamination with Escherichia coli (72-78% by arm). Low percentages were observed handwashing (both child and server) before consuming the porridge. Conclusions: The SNFs were not prepared or served as intended and diversion from the recipient was common. Storage conditions may have resulted in spoilage of the ration containing whey before reaching recipients. This article provides context about factors that may have influenced the effectiveness of these SNFs. Programming and household use of SNFs are as important as their nutrient composition. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02071563.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbernzaa002
JournalCurrent Developments in Nutrition
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • Burkina Faso
  • Children under 5
  • Corn-soy blend
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements
  • Specialized nutritious food
  • Stunting
  • Supplementary feeding
  • Wasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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