Factors related to risk of cardiovascular disease among older Korean Chinese with hypertension

Chun Yu Li, Hae Ra Han, Jiyun Kim, Miyong T. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among older Korean Chinese with hypertension - one of the most underserved and understudied ethnic minority groups in China. In addition, factors underlying the risk of CVD were examined. Methods: A total of 334 participants were recruited at the Community Health Service Center in Yanji, China. Data regarding socioeconomic, health-related, psychosocial, and other CVD risk factors were collected between June and October 2009. In this cross-sectional study, factors related to the risk of CVD were assessed by multivariate logistic regression; the Framingham Risk Score was used to measure the risk of CVD. Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia, diabetes, and current smoking were 75.4%, 6.6%, and 23.1% respectively. Participants who lived alone were twice as likely to have a high risk of CVD (10-year risk of CVD ≥15%; odds ratio [OR], 2.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-3.54). Those with a higher education level and greater knowledge about hypertension were at 57% and 62% reduced risk for CVD (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.21-0.92 and OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.15-0.95, respectively). Conclusion: Future intervention should include strategies to addressing social isolation and also focus on older Korean Chinese with low education. Knowledge enhancement program is warranted for the prevention of CVD in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-169
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Nursing Research
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • aged
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • hypertension
  • minority health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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