Factors related to adaptive behavior changes among profoundly mentally retarded, physically disabled persons

W. P. Silverman, E. J. Silver, E. A. Sersen, R. A. Lubin, A. A. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Changes in adaptive competence over a 1-year period of profoundly mentally retarded, physically disabled persons living in a moderately sized residential facility or in small community programs were examined. No evidence was found to indicate that habilitative growth was greater for residents in the small community programs. Indeed, residents of the moderately sized facility showed evidence of skill acquisition whereas community residents declined slightly in adaptive skill. Within community programs, presence of a relevant goal was positively related to change in independent living skills, and clients with musculoskeletal impairments tended to regress in motor and eating skills. These data suggest that client characteristics and habilitative program content are significant predictors of client growth, and size of the residence is probably not as important for delivery of effective services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-658
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Volume90
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 15 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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