OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine factors correlating with the risk of postoperative mortality after transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR). BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have indicated that TMR reduces angina by an average of two classes in patients with medically refractory symptoms not treatable by coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Factors which correlate with mortality after TMR, however, have not been extensively investigated. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two patients with severe angina underwent TMR as sole therapy with a CO2 laser. Age, gender, ejection fraction, prior CABG, unstable angina and the severity of coronary artery disease (graded on the basis of a newly proposed Anatomic Myocardial Perfusion index, AMP) were each determined. Each vascular territory (left anterior descending artery [LAD] left circumflex artery and posterior descending artery [PDA]) was graded as either having (AMP = 1) or not having (AMP = 0) blood flow through an unobstructed major vessel in the territory. Univariate and multivariate analysis determined which factors correlated with mortality. RESULTS: Patients with at least one AMP = 1 vascular territory (overall AMP = 1) had a 5% (4/82) postoperative mortality rate (POM), compared with 25% (12/49) with overall AMP 0 (p = 0.002). Left anterior descending artery AMP (p = 0.03) and previous CABG (p = 0.04) each correlated with the risk of POM. However, multivariate analysis indicated that no factor improved the correlation obtained with overall AMP by itself. With regard to overall mortality (Kaplan-Meier curves), univariate analysis also revealed correlations with overall AMP (p < 0.001), LAD AMP (p = 0.005), previous CABG (p = 0.003) and PDA AMP (p = 0.05) each individually correlated with mortality. Multivariate analysis indicated that overall AMP = 1, female gender and previous CABG together correlated best with lower postoperative mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with good blood flow to at least one region of the heart through a native artery or a patent vascular graft have a markedly reduced risk of perioperative and longer term mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine