Factores asociados con la intención de fumar y el inicio del hábito tabáquico en escolares: resultados del estudio ESFA en Barcelona

Translated title of the contribution: Factors associated with smoking and the intention to smoke in secondary school pupils: results of the ESFA project in Barcelona, Spain

M. Nebot, Z. Tomás, C. Ariza, S. Valmayor, A. Mudde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors asssociated with smoking and intention to smoke among a representative sample of first-grade pupils of secondary education (12-13 years old) in Barcelona.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 37 secondary schools were randomly selected to evaluate the impact of a European-wide smoking prevention program (European Smoking prevention Frame Approach, ESFA project). In these schools, 1041 pupils of first grade of secondary education responded to a questionnaire designed at the University of Maastricht to study life-style attitudes and behaviours, mainly smoking.

RESULTS: 9.8% of boys and 12.6% of girls declared to smoke either regulary or ocasionally. Among the no-smokers, 61.4% of the boys and 73.3% of the girls reported to have the intention to smoke in the future. Among the boys, factors associated with smoking included social norms (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-5.2), smoking by siblings (OR = 2.4; 95% CI, 1.1-5.2), attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.6), practicing some sports in the leisure time (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.7) and having more available pocket money (OR = 3.2; 95% CI, 1.5-6.8). Intention to smoke was only related to attitudes (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.2-0.5). Among girls, smoking was associated to perceived pressure to smoke (OR = 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.0), consumption by friends (OR = 6.0; 95% CI, 2.4-15.4) and attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.2; 95% CI, 0.1-0.4), while intention was only associated to attitudes (OR = 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.6) and hanging out in the street in the leisure time (OR = 2.2; 95% CI, 0.3-3.5).

CONCLUSIONS: The results stress the need to deal simultaneoulsy with the different factors associated to smoking initiation and attitude shaping, including cognitive factors, environmental factors, and patterns of leisure time utilization.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalGaceta sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Pupil
Smoke
Spain
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Leisure Activities
Education
Sports
Life Style
Siblings
Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Factores asociados con la intención de fumar y el inicio del hábito tabáquico en escolares : resultados del estudio ESFA en Barcelona. / Nebot, M.; Tomás, Z.; Ariza, C.; Valmayor, S.; Mudde, A.

In: Gaceta sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.03.2002, p. 131-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors asssociated with smoking and intention to smoke among a representative sample of first-grade pupils of secondary education (12-13 years old) in Barcelona.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 37 secondary schools were randomly selected to evaluate the impact of a European-wide smoking prevention program (European Smoking prevention Frame Approach, ESFA project). In these schools, 1041 pupils of first grade of secondary education responded to a questionnaire designed at the University of Maastricht to study life-style attitudes and behaviours, mainly smoking.RESULTS: 9.8{\%} of boys and 12.6{\%} of girls declared to smoke either regulary or ocasionally. Among the no-smokers, 61.4{\%} of the boys and 73.3{\%} of the girls reported to have the intention to smoke in the future. Among the boys, factors associated with smoking included social norms (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-5.2), smoking by siblings (OR = 2.4; 95{\%} CI, 1.1-5.2), attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.3; 95{\%} CI, 0.1-0.6), practicing some sports in the leisure time (OR = 0.3; 95{\%} CI, 0.1-0.7) and having more available pocket money (OR = 3.2; 95{\%} CI, 1.5-6.8). Intention to smoke was only related to attitudes (OR = 0.3; 95{\%} CI, 0.2-0.5). Among girls, smoking was associated to perceived pressure to smoke (OR = 2.5; 95{\%} CI, 1.2-5.0), consumption by friends (OR = 6.0; 95{\%} CI, 2.4-15.4) and attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.2; 95{\%} CI, 0.1-0.4), while intention was only associated to attitudes (OR = 0.4; 95{\%} CI, 0.2-0.6) and hanging out in the street in the leisure time (OR = 2.2; 95{\%} CI, 0.3-3.5).CONCLUSIONS: The results stress the need to deal simultaneoulsy with the different factors associated to smoking initiation and attitude shaping, including cognitive factors, environmental factors, and patterns of leisure time utilization.",
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T1 - Factores asociados con la intención de fumar y el inicio del hábito tabáquico en escolares

T2 - resultados del estudio ESFA en Barcelona

AU - Nebot, M.

AU - Tomás, Z.

AU - Ariza, C.

AU - Valmayor, S.

AU - Mudde, A.

PY - 2002/3/1

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors asssociated with smoking and intention to smoke among a representative sample of first-grade pupils of secondary education (12-13 years old) in Barcelona.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 37 secondary schools were randomly selected to evaluate the impact of a European-wide smoking prevention program (European Smoking prevention Frame Approach, ESFA project). In these schools, 1041 pupils of first grade of secondary education responded to a questionnaire designed at the University of Maastricht to study life-style attitudes and behaviours, mainly smoking.RESULTS: 9.8% of boys and 12.6% of girls declared to smoke either regulary or ocasionally. Among the no-smokers, 61.4% of the boys and 73.3% of the girls reported to have the intention to smoke in the future. Among the boys, factors associated with smoking included social norms (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-5.2), smoking by siblings (OR = 2.4; 95% CI, 1.1-5.2), attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.6), practicing some sports in the leisure time (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.7) and having more available pocket money (OR = 3.2; 95% CI, 1.5-6.8). Intention to smoke was only related to attitudes (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.2-0.5). Among girls, smoking was associated to perceived pressure to smoke (OR = 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.0), consumption by friends (OR = 6.0; 95% CI, 2.4-15.4) and attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.2; 95% CI, 0.1-0.4), while intention was only associated to attitudes (OR = 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.6) and hanging out in the street in the leisure time (OR = 2.2; 95% CI, 0.3-3.5).CONCLUSIONS: The results stress the need to deal simultaneoulsy with the different factors associated to smoking initiation and attitude shaping, including cognitive factors, environmental factors, and patterns of leisure time utilization.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors asssociated with smoking and intention to smoke among a representative sample of first-grade pupils of secondary education (12-13 years old) in Barcelona.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 37 secondary schools were randomly selected to evaluate the impact of a European-wide smoking prevention program (European Smoking prevention Frame Approach, ESFA project). In these schools, 1041 pupils of first grade of secondary education responded to a questionnaire designed at the University of Maastricht to study life-style attitudes and behaviours, mainly smoking.RESULTS: 9.8% of boys and 12.6% of girls declared to smoke either regulary or ocasionally. Among the no-smokers, 61.4% of the boys and 73.3% of the girls reported to have the intention to smoke in the future. Among the boys, factors associated with smoking included social norms (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-5.2), smoking by siblings (OR = 2.4; 95% CI, 1.1-5.2), attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.6), practicing some sports in the leisure time (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.7) and having more available pocket money (OR = 3.2; 95% CI, 1.5-6.8). Intention to smoke was only related to attitudes (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.2-0.5). Among girls, smoking was associated to perceived pressure to smoke (OR = 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.0), consumption by friends (OR = 6.0; 95% CI, 2.4-15.4) and attitudes against smoking (OR = 0.2; 95% CI, 0.1-0.4), while intention was only associated to attitudes (OR = 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.6) and hanging out in the street in the leisure time (OR = 2.2; 95% CI, 0.3-3.5).CONCLUSIONS: The results stress the need to deal simultaneoulsy with the different factors associated to smoking initiation and attitude shaping, including cognitive factors, environmental factors, and patterns of leisure time utilization.

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