Factors associated with reporting results for pulmonary clinical trials in ClinicalTrials.gov

Isaretta L. Riley, L. Ebony Boulware, Jie Lena Sun, Karen Chiswell, Loretta G. Que, Monica Kraft, Jamie L. Todd, Scott M. Palmer, Monique L. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/aims: The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act mandates that applicable clinical trials report basic summary results to the ClinicalTrials.gov database within 1 year of trial completion or termination. We aimed to determine the proportion of pulmonary trials reporting basic summary results to ClinicalTrials.gov and assess factors associated with reporting. Methods: We identified pulmonary clinical trials subject to the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act (called highly likely applicable clinical trials) that were completed or terminated between 2008 and 2012 and reported results by September 2013. We estimated the cumulative percentage of applicable clinical trials reporting results by pulmonary disease category. Multivariable Cox regression modeling identified characteristics independently associated with results reporting. Results: Of 1450 pulmonary highly likely applicable clinical trials, 380 (26%) examined respiratory neoplasms, 238 (16%) asthma, 175 (12%) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and 657 (45%) other respiratory diseases. Most (75%) were pharmaceutical highly likely applicable clinical trials and 71% were industry-funded. Approximately 15% of highly likely applicable clinical trials reported results within 1 year of trial completion, while 55% reported results over the 5-year study period. Earlier phase highly likely applicable clinical trials were less likely to report results compared to phase 4 highly likely applicable clinical trials (phases 1/2 and 2 (adjusted hazard ratio 0.41 (95% confidence interval: 0.31–0.54)), phases 2/3 and 3 (adjusted hazard ratio 0.55 (95% confidence interval: 0.42–0.72)) and phase not applicable (adjusted hazard ratio 0.43 (95% confidence interval: 0.29–0.63)). Pulmonary highly likely applicable clinical trials without Food and Drug Administration oversight were less likely to report results compared with those with oversight (adjusted hazard ratio 0.65 (95% confidence interval: 0.51–0.83)). Conclusion: A total of 15% of pulmonary clinical highly likely applicable clinical trials report basic summary results to ClinicalTrials.gov within 1 year of trial completion. Strategies to improve reporting are needed within the pulmonary community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Trials
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ClinicalTrials.gov
  • Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act
  • Policy
  • asthma
  • cancer
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • clinical trials
  • compliance
  • pulmonary
  • transparency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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