Factors associated with orthopedic aftercare in a publicly insured pediatric emergency department population

Nazreen Jamal, Sabah Fatima Iqbal, Leticia Manning Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Children with public insurance are less likely than children with private insurance to obtain follow-up care after emergency department (ED) care. This study aimed to determine if specific demographic and clinical factors are associated with aftercare compliance in a population of publicly insured pediatric ED patients with orthopedic injuries. Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study of Washington, DC, children aged 0 to 17 years with public insurance discharged with isolated forearm fractures from the Children's National Medical Center ED from 2003 to 2006. Bivariable analyses and multivariable logistic regression were performed to measure the association between sociodemographic variables and failure to follow up. Results: Six hundred children met the inclusion criteria. The overall cohort was 63.7% male and 81.7% African American, with a mean age of 8.8 (SE, 0.2) years. Overall, 85.7%of patients went to a follow-up orthopedic appointment, and 68.2% of patients had timely orthopedic follow-up, defined as 14 days or less after discharge from the ED. Treatment with orthopedic reduction (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.0 [1.33-2.93]) was positively associated with timely orthopedic follow-up, whereas older age (adjusted OR, 0.9 [0.88-0.97]) was significantly associated with failure to follow up. In the subset of patients who required orthopedic reduction in the ED, older age was significantly associated with failure to follow up (adjusted OR, 0.80 [0.74-0.94]). Conclusions: Mild fracture severity is associated with lack of orthopedic follow-up for patientswith public insurance. Older agewas associated with lack of follow-up, even in the subgroup with severe fractures. Targeted interventions to improve orthopedic aftercare compliance should focus on older patients with severe forearm fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)704-707
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric emergency care
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescent follow-up
  • Emergency department aftercare
  • Patient compliance
  • Pediatric forearm fractures
  • Public insurance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Factors associated with orthopedic aftercare in a publicly insured pediatric emergency department population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this