Factors Associated with Home Meal Preparation and Fast-Food Sources Use among Low-Income Urban African American Adults

Mariana T. Garcia, Priscila M. Sato, Angela C.B. Trude, Thomas Eckmann, Elizabeth T.Anderson Steeves, Kristen Marie Hurley, Cláudia M. Bógus, Joel Gittelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the factors associated with home meal preparation (HMP) and fast-food sources use (FFS) frequencies of low-income African-American adults and their healthy food beliefs and attitudes, food-related psychosocial factors, food acquisition patterns, food sources use, and BMI. We used cross-sectional data from 295 adults living in Baltimore, USA. HMP was inversely associated with FFS, which had lower odds of HMP ≥1 time/day and higher BMI scores. HMP was positively associated with positive beliefs and self-efficacy toward healthy foods, getting food from healthier food sources, and lower FFS. Higher odds of HMP ≥1 time/day were associated with getting food from farmers’ market and supermarkets or grocery stores. FFS had an inverse association with positive beliefs and self-efficacy toward healthy foods, and a positive association with less healthy food acquisition scores. Higher odds of FFS ≥1 time/week were associated with getting food from corner stores, sit-down restaurants, and convenience stores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-31
Number of pages19
JournalEcology of Food and Nutrition
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

Keywords

  • African-Americans
  • cooking, food deserts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Ecology

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