Factors associated with delivery complications in rural Bangladesh

M. A. Islam, R. I. Chowdhury, N. Chakraborty, W. Bari, H. H. Akhter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: There are only a few studies on maternal morbidity, delivery complications and maternal mortality in Bangladesh. This study analyzes data from a follow-up study conducted by the Bangladesh Institute of Research for Health and Technologies (BIRPERHT) on maternal morbidity in rural Bangladesh in 1993. Methods: A total of 1020 pregnant women were interviewed in the follow-up component of the study. The survey collected information on socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, pregnancy-related care and practice, morbidity during the period of follow-up as well as in the past, information concerning complications at the time of delivery and during the postpartum period. For the purpose of this study, we selected 993 pregnant women with at least one antenatal follow-up. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify the potential risk factors for complication during delivery and duration of labor. Results and conclusions: It appears that complications during the antenatal period can result in various complications at the time of delivery. Some of the important findings are: hemorrhage during the antenatal period increases the risk of excessive hemorrhage during delivery, the risk of obstructed labor increases significantly if abdominal pain is observed during the antenatal period, prolonged labor appears to be significantly higher for the first pregnancy, and pregnancies suffering from abdominal pain during pregnancy tend to have a higher risk of prolonged labor during delivery. The duration of labor appears to be negatively associated with the number of previous pregnancies, being longest for the first pregnancies. The duration of labor pain is significantly higher for the respondents who reported the index pregnancy as undesired, and, similarly, the respondents who were reported to be involved with gainful employment would have a shorter duration of labor pain than those having no involvement with gainful employment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-213
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Delivery
  • Follow-up study
  • Labor pain
  • Logistic regression
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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