Factors Associated With Daytime Sleep in Nursing Home Residents

Junxin Li, Yu Ping Chang, Davina Porock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted to describe the occurrence of daytime sleep (DS) and to examine factors associated with DS in nursing home residents. We used the Minimum Data Set 2.0 records of 300 residents in a nursing home from January 2005 to March 2010. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, chi-square, Pearson correlations, and logistic regression were utilized in analysis. About 71.3% of the residents slept more than 2 hours during the day, and this was significantly associated with residents’ comorbidity (t = 2.0, p =.04), cognitive performance (t = 7.3, p =.01), activities of daily living (t = 3.7, p =.01), and social involvement (t = −7.6, p =.01). Cognitive performance and social involvement significantly predicted the occurrence of DS with social involvement being the strongest predictor (odds ratio:.58; 95% confidence interval: [.45,.75]). The findings suggest that interventions to engage nursing home residents in more social activities during the day may be beneficial to minimize their DS, especially for those who have difficulties with engaging socially on their own.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-117
Number of pages15
JournalResearch on aging
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 12 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • activities of daily living
  • cognitive performance
  • daytime sleep
  • nursing home
  • social involvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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