Factors associated with completion of a behavioral intervention for caregivers of urban children with asthma

Arlene M. Butz, Jill S. Halterman, Melissa Bellin, Joan Kub, Kevin D. Frick, Cassia Lewis-Land, Jennifer Walker, Michele Donithan, Mona Tsoukleris, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Rates of preventive follow-up asthma care after an acute emergency department (ED) visit are low among inner-city children. We implemented a novel behavioral asthma intervention, Pediatric Asthma Alert (PAAL) intervention, to improve outpatient follow-up and preventive care for urban children with a recent ED visit for asthma. Objective. The objective of this article is to describe the PAAL intervention and examine factors associated with intervention completers and noncompleters. Methods. Children with persistent asthma and recurrent ED visits (N 300) were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of the PAAL intervention that included two home visits and a facilitated follow-up visit with the child's primary care provider (PCP). Children were categorized as intervention completers, that is, completed home and PCP visits compared with noncompleters, who completed at least one home visit but did not complete the PCP visit. Using chi-square test of independence, analysis of variance, and multiple logistic regression, the intervention completion status was examined by several sociodemographic, health, and caregiver psychological variables. Results. Children were African-American (95), Medicaid insured (91), and young (aged 35 years, 56). Overall, 71 of children randomized to the intervention successfully completed all home and PCP visits (completers). Factors significantly associated with completing the intervention included younger age (age 35 years: completers, 65.4; noncompleters, 34.1; p < .001) and having an asthma action plan in the home at baseline (completers: 40; noncompleters: 21; p .02). In a logistic regression model, younger child age, having an asthma action plan, and lower caregiver daily asthma stress were significantly associated with successful completion of the intervention. Conclusions. The majority of caregivers of high-risk children with asthma were successfully engaged in this home and PCP-based intervention. Caregivers of older children with asthma and those with high stress may need additional support for program completion. Further, the lack of an asthma action plan may be a marker of preexisting barriers to preventive care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)977-988
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Children
  • Controller medications
  • Inner city
  • Preventive care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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