Factors associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2/CIN3), early stage and advanced stage of cervical cancer diagnosis in the Brazilian Amazonian region

Valéria B. Pontes, Luís Felipe L. Martins, Moysés Szklo, Miguel Ângelo M. Moreira, Cláudia Bessa P. Chaves, Liz Maria De Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To understand the impact of demographic, behavioral and contextual factors on cervical cancer, we examined the profile of women classified according to cervical cancer staging [precursor lesions cervical intraephitelial neoplasia (CIN2/CIN3), early- and advanced-stage cancer]. Patients were identified in the main oncological reference hospital in Pará State, Brazil, from 2013 through 2015. Adjusted prevalence ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated using Poisson regression with robust variance. The study included 172 cases of CIN2/CIN3 lesions, 158 of early stage and 552 of advanced stage of cervical cancer. The proportion of gynecological complaints as a reason for clinic visit was 2.3 times higher among patients at an early stage compared with patients with CIN2/CIN3 lesions. Compared with early-stage cancer groups, the prevalence of advanced-stage cancer was higher among older patients, those without paid activity (adjusted prevalence ratio = 1.15; confidence interval 95%: 1.03-1.29), those who never had a Pap test (adjusted prevalence ratio = 1.23; confidence interval 95%: 1.08-1.40), those who were seen at the hospital clinic due to gynecological complaints (adjusted prevalence ratio = 1.48; confidence interval 95%: 1.19-1.85) and those who underwent biopsy in the private care system (adjusted prevalence ratio = 1.12; confidence interval 95%: 1.02-1.22). These differences seem to reflect problems in the health system, low socioeconomic level and poor awareness of the importance of Pap tests among those with a diagnosis of advanced-stage cervical cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-345
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Brazil
  • Risk factors
  • Staging
  • Uterine cervical neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

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