Factors associated with adaptation to Klinefelter syndrome: The experience of adolescents and adults

Amy Turriff, Howard P. Levy, Barbara Biesecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of living with Klinefelter syndrome (XXY) as an adolescent or an adult and to examine the factors that contribute to adaptation. Methods: Individuals (n (310) aged 14-75 years with self-reported XXY were recruited from online support networks to complete a self-administered survey. Perceived consequences, perceived severity, perceived stigma, and coping were measured and evaluated as correlates of adaptation. Results: The use of problem-focused coping strategies was positively correlated with adaptation (p<. 0.01) and age was negatively correlated with adaptation (p<. 0.05). Conclusion: The majority of participants reported significant negative consequences of XXY, including infertility, psychological co-morbidities and differences in appearance. How participants coped with their negative appraisals was the greatest predictor of adaptation. Practice implications: Interventions designed to help individuals reframe negative appraisals, to increase perceived manageability of the challenges of living with XXY, and to facilitate effective coping may improve adaptation among individuals with XXY.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-95
Number of pages6
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • 47,XXY
  • Adaptation
  • Coping
  • Illness perceptions
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Sex chromosome aneuploidy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors associated with adaptation to Klinefelter syndrome: The experience of adolescents and adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this