Face-to-Face Meetings with Neurosurgical Patients before Hospital Discharge: Impact on Telephone Outreach, Emergency Department Visits, and Hospital Readmissions

Franz H. Vergara, Jean E. Davis, Chakra Budhathoki, Nancy J. Sullivan, Daniel J. Sheridan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnerships (JCHiP) was developed in 2010 within the Johns Hopkins Health Systems. As part of JCHiP, the Patient Access Line call center was created. The average telephone reach rate at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in 2014 was only 53%. In a population of adult neurosurgical patients, this study aimed to: determine the impact of face-to-face meetings with neurosurgical patients before hospital discharge on telephone follow-up (TFU) reach rates, and determine the association between TFU reach rates and subsequent emergency department (ED) visits and hospital readmission rates. This quasi-experimental study used a posttest-only research design with a comparison group. Two adult inpatient neurosurgical units at the Johns Hopkins Hospital were selected as the intervention and comparison groups. A convenience sampling technique was used. Face-to-face meetings pre hospital discharge resulted in a TFU reach rate of 97.7% on the intervention unit while the comparison unit had only a 76.1% TFU reach rate (P < .001). Reached patients had fewer ED visits (7.8%) than not reached patients (17.4%); however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = .138). Reached patients also had fewer hospital readmissions (3.3%) than not reached patients (8.7%); this also was not statistically significant (P = .214). This study demonstrated that face-to-face meetings with neurosurgical patients prior to discharge increased TFU rates. Results were statistically significant. ED visits and hospital readmissions were also reduced in reached patients and the findings were clinically significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalPopulation health management
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Emergency visits
  • Face-to-face meetings
  • Reach rate
  • Readmissions
  • Telephone follow-up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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