Extremophiles and Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles: Current and Future Perspectives

Jingyi Zhang, Jetka Wanner, Om V. Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a fast-developing cutting-edge technology with wide-ranging applications in different areas of science and technology. Novel routes by which extremophiles can be employed to generate nanoparticles (NPs) have yet to be discovered. However, a fundamental understanding of the bioreduction of metallic ions in standard microorganisms would assist in determining the physical and chemical parameters required for continuous production of well-defined NPs from extremophiles in a fermentative solution. Therefore, this chapter discusses the extremophiles explored for biosynthesis of NPs and the mechanisms by which standard microorganisms biosynthesize NPs in order to correlate unexplored routes for producing NPs from extremophiles. In view of the tremendous industrial potential of NPs created using extremophiles, the chapter also sheds light on the specifics of fermentation media and recovery of NPs from the microbiological process using standard microorganisms. A brief discussion of limitations and challenges helps to further outline the future of extremophile-mediated nanotechnology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBio-Nanoparticles
Subtitle of host publicationBiosynthesis and Sustainable Biotechnological Implications
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages101-121
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781118677629
ISBN (Print)9781118677681
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2015

Keywords

  • Biosynthesis
  • Extremophiles
  • Microorganisms
  • Nanoparticles (NPs)
  • Nanotechnology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Zhang, J., Wanner, J., & Singh, O. V. (2015). Extremophiles and Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles: Current and Future Perspectives. In Bio-Nanoparticles: Biosynthesis and Sustainable Biotechnological Implications (pp. 101-121). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118677629.ch5