Renal cell adenocarcinoma can be one of the great masqueraders in medicine. More common extrarenal manifestations of renal cell carcinoma include fever, anemia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Other rarer systemic symptoms are caused by amyloidosis, neuromyopathy and tumor thrombus. Humoral manifestations include polycythemia, hypercalcemia, galactorrhea and Cushing's syndrome. Metastatic disease commonly presents as the initial symptom.
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