Extracting evolving pathologies via spectral clustering

Elena Bernardis, Kilian M. Pohl, Christos Davatzikos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A bottleneck in the analysis of longitudinal MR scans with white matter brain lesions is the temporally consistent segmentation of the pathology. We identify pathologies in 3D+t(ime) within a spectral graph clustering framework. Our clustering approach simultaneously segments and tracks the evolving lesions by identifying characteristic image patterns at each time-point and voxel correspondences across time-points. For each 3D image, our method constructs a graph where weights between nodes capture the likeliness of two voxels belonging to the same region. Based on these weights, we then establish rough correspondences between graph nodes at different time-points along estimated pathology evolution directions. We combine the graphs by aligning the weights to a reference time-point, thus integrating temporal information across the 3D images, and formulate the 3D+t segmentation problem as a binary partitioning of this graph. The resulting segmentation is very robust to local intensity fluctuations and yields better results than segmentations generated for each time-point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInformation Processing in Medical Imaging - 23rd International Conference, IPMI 2013, Proceedings
Pages680-691
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Event23rd International Conference on Information Processing in Medical Imaging, IPMI 2013 - Asilomar, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2013Jul 3 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7917 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other23rd International Conference on Information Processing in Medical Imaging, IPMI 2013
CountryUnited States
CityAsilomar, CA
Period6/28/137/3/13

Keywords

  • 4D segmentation
  • MRI white matter lesion
  • longitudinal tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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