Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Melania M. Bembea, Allan Goldman, Osami Honjo, Ravi R. Thiagarajan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an established modality of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for patients with severe, refractory cardiac and/or respiratory failure. ECMO evolved as an extension of the cardiopulmonary bypass technology developed in the 1950s and has now been used in a wide variety of patients. This chapter will examine the principles of ECMO, the indications and contraindications, management during ECMO, and outcomes. Highlighted will be the use of ECMO in pediatric cardiac failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCritical Heart Disease in Infants and Children
PublisherElsevier
Pages488-499.e4
ISBN (Electronic)9781455707607
ISBN (Print)9781455751006
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Anticoagulation
  • ECLS
  • ECMO
  • Pump
  • Venoarterial ECMO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bembea, M. M., Goldman, A., Honjo, O., & Thiagarajan, R. R. (2018). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. In Critical Heart Disease in Infants and Children (pp. 488-499.e4). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4557-0760-7.00039-5