Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: One-Year Survival and Neurobehavioral Outcome Among Infants and Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe neurobehavioral outcomes and investigate factors associated with survival and survival with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after in-hospital cardiac arrest for children who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital trial. SETTING: Thirty-seven PICUs in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Children (n = 147) resuscitated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation following in-hospital cardiac arrest. INTERVENTIONS: Neurobehavioral status was assessed using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, at prearrest baseline and 12 months postarrest. Norms for Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, are 100 (mean) ± 15 (SD). Higher scores indicate better functioning. Outcomes included 12-month survival, 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of 147 children receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 125 (85.0%) had a preexisting cardiac condition, 75 (51.0%) were postcardiac surgery, and 84 (57.1%) were less than 1 year old. Duration of chest compressions was greater than 30 minutes for 114 (77.5%). Sixty-one (41.5%) survived to 12 months, 32 (22.1%) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 39 (30.5%) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. On multivariable analyses, open-chest cardiac massage was independently associated with greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. Higher minimum postarrest lactate and preexisting gastrointestinal conditions were independently associated with lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. CONCLUSIONS: About one third of children survived with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for in-hospital arrest. Open-chest cardiac massage and minimum postarrest lactate were associated with survival with good neurobehavioral outcome at 1 year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-402
Number of pages10
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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Psychological Adaptation
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Heart Arrest
Heart Massage
Preexisting Condition Coverage
Thorax
Lactic Acid
Induced Hypothermia
Canada
Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation : One-Year Survival and Neurobehavioral Outcome Among Infants and Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. / Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators.

In: Critical care medicine, Vol. 47, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 393-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators. / Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation : One-Year Survival and Neurobehavioral Outcome Among Infants and Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. In: Critical care medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 47, No. 3. pp. 393-402.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To describe neurobehavioral outcomes and investigate factors associated with survival and survival with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after in-hospital cardiac arrest for children who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital trial. SETTING: Thirty-seven PICUs in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Children (n = 147) resuscitated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation following in-hospital cardiac arrest. INTERVENTIONS: Neurobehavioral status was assessed using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, at prearrest baseline and 12 months postarrest. Norms for Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, are 100 (mean) ± 15 (SD). Higher scores indicate better functioning. Outcomes included 12-month survival, 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of 147 children receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 125 (85.0{\%}) had a preexisting cardiac condition, 75 (51.0{\%}) were postcardiac surgery, and 84 (57.1{\%}) were less than 1 year old. Duration of chest compressions was greater than 30 minutes for 114 (77.5{\%}). Sixty-one (41.5{\%}) survived to 12 months, 32 (22.1{\%}) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 39 (30.5{\%}) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. On multivariable analyses, open-chest cardiac massage was independently associated with greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. Higher minimum postarrest lactate and preexisting gastrointestinal conditions were independently associated with lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. CONCLUSIONS: About one third of children survived with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for in-hospital arrest. Open-chest cardiac massage and minimum postarrest lactate were associated with survival with good neurobehavioral outcome at 1 year.",
author = "{Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators} and Meert, {Kathleen L.} and Guerguerian, {Anne Marie} and Ryan Barbaro and Slomine, {Beth S} and Christensen, {James R} and John Berger and Alexis Topjian and Melania Bembea and Sarah Tabbutt and Fink, {Ericka L.} and Schwartz, {Steven M.} and Nadkarni, {Vinay M.} and Russell Telford and Dean, {J. Michael} and Moler, {Frank W.}",
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AU - Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators

AU - Meert, Kathleen L.

AU - Guerguerian, Anne Marie

AU - Barbaro, Ryan

AU - Slomine, Beth S

AU - Christensen, James R

AU - Berger, John

AU - Topjian, Alexis

AU - Bembea, Melania

AU - Tabbutt, Sarah

AU - Fink, Ericka L.

AU - Schwartz, Steven M.

AU - Nadkarni, Vinay M.

AU - Telford, Russell

AU - Dean, J. Michael

AU - Moler, Frank W.

PY - 2019/3/1

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe neurobehavioral outcomes and investigate factors associated with survival and survival with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after in-hospital cardiac arrest for children who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital trial. SETTING: Thirty-seven PICUs in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Children (n = 147) resuscitated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation following in-hospital cardiac arrest. INTERVENTIONS: Neurobehavioral status was assessed using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, at prearrest baseline and 12 months postarrest. Norms for Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, are 100 (mean) ± 15 (SD). Higher scores indicate better functioning. Outcomes included 12-month survival, 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of 147 children receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 125 (85.0%) had a preexisting cardiac condition, 75 (51.0%) were postcardiac surgery, and 84 (57.1%) were less than 1 year old. Duration of chest compressions was greater than 30 minutes for 114 (77.5%). Sixty-one (41.5%) survived to 12 months, 32 (22.1%) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 39 (30.5%) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. On multivariable analyses, open-chest cardiac massage was independently associated with greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. Higher minimum postarrest lactate and preexisting gastrointestinal conditions were independently associated with lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. CONCLUSIONS: About one third of children survived with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for in-hospital arrest. Open-chest cardiac massage and minimum postarrest lactate were associated with survival with good neurobehavioral outcome at 1 year.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To describe neurobehavioral outcomes and investigate factors associated with survival and survival with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after in-hospital cardiac arrest for children who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest In-Hospital trial. SETTING: Thirty-seven PICUs in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Children (n = 147) resuscitated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation following in-hospital cardiac arrest. INTERVENTIONS: Neurobehavioral status was assessed using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, at prearrest baseline and 12 months postarrest. Norms for Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, are 100 (mean) ± 15 (SD). Higher scores indicate better functioning. Outcomes included 12-month survival, 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of 147 children receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 125 (85.0%) had a preexisting cardiac condition, 75 (51.0%) were postcardiac surgery, and 84 (57.1%) were less than 1 year old. Duration of chest compressions was greater than 30 minutes for 114 (77.5%). Sixty-one (41.5%) survived to 12 months, 32 (22.1%) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points from baseline, and 39 (30.5%) survived to 12 months with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. On multivariable analyses, open-chest cardiac massage was independently associated with greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and greater 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. Higher minimum postarrest lactate and preexisting gastrointestinal conditions were independently associated with lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, decreased by less than or equal to 15 points and lower 12-month survival with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, greater than or equal to 70. CONCLUSIONS: About one third of children survived with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after receiving extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for in-hospital arrest. Open-chest cardiac massage and minimum postarrest lactate were associated with survival with good neurobehavioral outcome at 1 year.

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