Extended Follow-up of Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation with 4-Hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) Purging for Indolent or Transformed Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas

Yvette L. Kasamon, Richard J. Jones, Christopher D. Gocke, Amanda L. Blackford, Eric J. Seifter, Janice M. Davis-Sproul, Steven D. Gore, Richard F. Ambinder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autologous blood or marrow transplantation (ABMT) for low-grade lymphomas can prolong event-free survival (EFS) but requires long-term follow-up. We report one of the longest follow-ups to a prospective transplantation study in such diseases. On a phase II study, 80 patients with low-grade, transformed, or mantle cell lymphoma received ABMT with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) purging as part of initial or salvage therapy. Diagnoses included nontransformed follicular lymphoma in 63% and transformed lymphoma in 15%. With 16.6-year median follow-up for survival, actuarial 10-year EFS and overall survival (OS) were 34% (95% confidence interval [CI], 25%-46%) and 45% (35%-57%). Median EFS and OS were 3.0 and 8.0 years. Early nonrelapse mortality incidence was 8%; myelodysplastic syndrome or leukemia incidence was 4%. Most relapses occurred within 3 years, with a median time to diagnosis of relapse of 1.8 years (range: 0.1-15.6 years). On multivariate analysis, age >50 years, ≥3 prior chemotherapy regimens, and ABMT after relapse were associated with significantly inferior survival. Fifteen patients (19%) were event-free >15 years after transplantation, raising the possibility of a plateau in the progression-free survival curve. Thus, 4-HC-purged ABMT can produce extended remissions in a subgroup of patients with indolent lymphomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-373
Number of pages9
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

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Keywords

  • 4-Hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC)
  • Autologous transplantation
  • Lymphoma
  • Purging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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