Granulomatous lung diseases, such as sarcoidosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Wegener's granulomatosis, and chronic beryllium disease, along with granulomatous diseases of known infectious etiologies, such as tuberculosis, are major causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Clinical manifestations of these diseases are highly heterogeneous, and the determinants of disease susceptibility and clinical course (e.g., resolution vs. chronic, progressive fibrosis) are largely unknown. The underlying pathogenic mechanisms of these diseases also remain poorly understood. Within this context, these diseases have been approached using genomic and proteomic technologies to allow us to identify patterns of gene/protein expression that track with clinical disease or to identify new pathways involved in disease pathogenesis. The results from these initial studies highlight the potential for these "-omics" approaches to reveal novel insights into the pathogenesis of granulomatous lung disease and provide new tools to improve diagnosis, clinical classification, course prediction, and response to therapy. Realizing this potential will require collaboration among multidisciplinary groups with expertise in the respective technologies, bioinformatics, and clinical medicine for these complex diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine