Summary: The transforming acidic coiled-coil containing protein 2 (Tacc2) gene and its paralogs, Tacc1 and Tacc3 encode proteins that are associated with the centrosome and involved in microtubule assembly during the cell cycle. Tacc2 produces several splice variants, which are poorly characterized, especially in the rat. Characterization of the temporal/spatial expression patterns of these isoforms would be useful in understanding their distinct and overlapping functions. By comparative sequence analyses of Tacc2 in multiple species, we identified a third splice variant in rat, which is much shorter in size (1,021 aa) than the longest isoform (2,834 aa). This newly identified Tacc2 splice variant (isoform 3) uses a distinct first exon and generates a different open reading frame. Although Isoform 3 is expressed predominantly during developmental stages, the long Tacc2 isoform (isoform 1) is distributed mainly in adult tissues. Multiple protein sequence analyses revealed that Tacc2 Isoform 3 could be the ancient form, as it is conserved in mammals, birds, and amphibians; whereas the long Tacc2 isoforms may have evolved in the mammalian lineage by adding exons toward the 5′ region of the ancient isoform. genesis 52:378-386, 2014.
- Alterative promoter
- Alternative splicing
- Comparative sequence analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology